of natural resources
|The environment in Ecuador|
Ecuador is one of the most biologically diverse countries on the planet with the greatest amount of plant and animal species per km2. Unfortunately, the deforestation rate of 1.7% does not envisage a long-term conservation of this unique heritage.
Vitalideas is committed to develop programs for the conservation of natural resources of Ecuador by various actions listed below.
The objectives are:
- The sustainable protection of areas of primary forests for conservation and development of biodiversity
- Recovery of high biodiversity areas for avoiding the deforestation and other practices harmful to the environment
- Recovery of degraded areas and allow the return of biodiversity
- Raise community awareness of their environment
- Provide economic alternatives to communities based on sustainable use of their rich natural heritage
The actions proposed by Vitalideas:
Planting trees in reforestation projects
|The objective is the reconstruction of primary forests, restoring damaged areas. The area of woodland for conservation and thus regained exempt projects of destruction of forest cover.
The species selected must be indigenous, and allow a return for optimal biodiversity for both flora for fauna. Tests of assisted natural regeneration may also be implemented. The interest lies in obtaining as natural site as possible similar to its condition prior to its degradation and promotes the use and supply of seeds potentially present in the soil. Additional seedlings can also accelerate the process.
Acquisition of land :
Accession of landowners in programs of forest protection:
One of the best courses of action for the sustainable conservation of land is to become the owner. Whatever it’s original state, a program of replanting of native species or sustainable management (depending on the condition of the land acquired) can be implemented. Deforestation is a problem then discarded and improvement and monitoring biodiversity programs may be incurred.
Some owners have land with primary or secondary forest, which are not used. Vitalideas wishes to offer these owners to place their land in voluntary protection programs.
The aim is to motivate owners to avoid deforestation or installation of activities harmful to the environment through economic incentives over several years in return for preserving their heritage.
Examples of program developed by the Ministry of Environment of Ecuador: Sociobosque
Note that if a landowner agrees to integrate one of its properties in a protection program (and thus 'freeze' any productive activity) but in return deforest another field to compensate for such a "loss of activity”, this project would be rejected. Vitalideas will include this essential clause in the agreement with the owner.
Each of these programs to restore or preserve natural areas must be accompanied by the implementation of a management plan. The objective is to restore, maintain and develop the biodiversity of the land affected by the projects. For this, Vitalideas develops partnerships with specialized organizations that can take over (universities, NGOs, government ...) and ensure sustainable management and monitoring of new sites for conservation.
The dissection of the forest is also an important issue especially for wildlife. Also, each action mentioned above should try to take into account the recovery of large enough areas for wildlife habitat has a minimum for survival.
Consequences for communities:
The consequences of these actions, besides the maintenance of biodiversity, may also benefit communities: indeed, engaging in the alternative of the conservation of natural heritage, the benefits can be envisaged, in addition to income directly related to the work of planting and maintenance (managed by communities): development of ecotourism activities, training and employment for communities, improving quality of life ...
See also the Community Development page
|See our current projects in the Cajabamba II community|