Demographics

Land population (2009) 14,001,324
Annual population growth (2001) 2.1%
Main cities Guayaquil (2,090,000); Quito (1,482,000); Cuenca (304,000)
Urban population (2001) 61,1%
Rural population (2001) 39%
Masculine (2001) 49.5%
Feminine (2001) 50.5%
Indigenous people 24%
Unemployment 8.6%
Underemployment 51.9%
Poverty index 38.3

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